The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. The female adult fly lays eggs (1-20) into the maturing and ripening fruit of the host plant. The adult flies congregate on foliage and fruit to feed on bacterial colonies and later to mate. Bio-decomposer technique will curb stubble burning pollution, NSCL Management Trainee (Production) Solved Paper 2019. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees. The fecundity and mean of female varied between 58-92 eggs, while as mean hatching percentage was 86.1± 0.54. The full grown maggot was very mobile and measured 9.62±0.87 and 2.05±0.32 mm in length and breadth. The fly life cycle starts from the egg, to the larva, pupa and finally the adult. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. The experiments under laboratory conditions revealed that B. cucurbitae completed three full generations per year, in addition to the 4th generation which extended only upto pupal stage only, and overwintered until emergence of adults in next year. Impact. Note that at this stage of the life cycle you are unlikely to be able to recognise the presence of fruit fly eggs in your fruit as the eggs are very small. Biology: The life cycle and biology of peach fruit fly are generally similar to those of its tropical relatives. Life cycle Damage •The maggots pollute and destroy fruit by feeding on pulp. Pre-oviposition and oviposition period ranged between 10-15 and 12-28 days during July to August respectively. It can be found throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, some island groups in the Pacific. The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. The lower and upper developmental thresholds for eggs were 11.4 and 36.4° C (Messenger and Flitters, … The data on per cent fruit damage (number and weight basis) revealed that Neem Seed Kernel Extract (NSKE) @ 0.5% was significantly superior over attractant and control in reducing the per cent fruit infestation by B. cucurbitae. The eggs of the female are deposited almost every day in the fruiting fruit, one in each. HOW TO USE • Open Lure Packet • Tie the Lure with wire The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms. ... debris, faeces, dead animal bodies, and even other insects, dead or alive. 2005). During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. Comparative biology of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops Patel NM and Patel KA Abstract Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. Longevity of melon fly adults was enhanced to 30-52 days for males and 30-60 days for females when fed with water, molasses and honey as well as on water, molasses and proteinex. •Damage caused serious in melon and after the first shower of the momsoon. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… Melon Fruit Fly; Scientific Name: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillet) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Lure: Cuelure ; Description. After they become widely spread and popular in Europe, melons were introduced to America by the Spanish settlers during the 15th and 16th century. Melon is annual plant, which means that it finishes its life cycle in one year. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Life Cycle of the Fruit Fly. During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. Melon Fly Life Cycle The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – 62.8% during 2002 and 60.6–81.2% during 2003. click here.. Download Pdf Lack of access to water led to sudden death of the flies. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. After introduction, it can easily disperse due to its high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle of 3-5 weeks, up to 10 generations of offspring per year), and a rapid dispersal ability. Life Cycle: A female melon fl y usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into fl owers, stems, and exposed roots. The lowest number of maggots per fruit was observed in NSKE (0.5%) (4.5±0.86) as compared to untreated check (46.2±6.90), Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/92187, Maintained and  © Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI, New Delhi . Effect of cultural practices on pupal mortality of B. cucurbitae revealed maximum mortality (87.0 per cent) in clay soil, whereas minimum (17 per cent) in orchard soil. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long. Maggots hatch from the eggs and tunnel through the fruit, feeding on the pulp. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. Life Cycle of Fruit Flies No matter where in the U.S. you live, fruit flies can show up on your kitchen counters or inside your trash can. •The maggots pollute and destroy fruit by feeding on pulp. Pre-oviposition and oviposition period ranged between 10-15 and 12-28 days during July to August respectively. Fruit fly Management TYPICAL LIFE CYCLE Fusarium wilt distances within a short time; exceptional observa-tions showed a Bactrocera sp. Life cycle Melon flies are active throughout the year. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees. Studies on biology of melon fruit fly, B. cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the average duration of incubation, maggot, prepupal and pupal period varied between 16.8±6.19 hours, 4.5±1.13, 0.8±0.25 and 8.4±0.51 days, respectively. Sex ratio in B. cucurbitae was recorded as 0.95:1.25 (Male:Female). The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). It is an important fruit fly, destroying crops of pumpkin and snake gourd. 2) Feeding by the larvae. Melon is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. 3) Decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. Oriental fruit fly has been established in Hawaii since 1946 where it is a major pest of agriculture, particularly on mangoes, avocados and papayas. The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from, 1) Oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts . Agriculture Objective Questions for NSC, IFFCO, ICAR, BHU, etc. Maggots do the damage in many hosts but, as noted above, their presence in a rot does not always mean that they were the cause (Photo 1). Adults are active throughout the year in climates where temperatures exceed about 15oC. Results clearly indicated that traps once charged with plywood, straw board, and acacia blocks impregnated with cue-lure or methyl eugenol can be run effectively for longer periods in attracting B. cucurbitae and B. dorsalis. The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. Yellow and green coloured traps attracted significantly high number of B. cucurbitae in cucumber. Microscopic footage showing fruit fly anatomy and its life-cycle. Female flies need protein to develop eggs. About nine days are required for attainment of sexual maturity after the male adult fly emerges. The pupal stage lasts about 10 days. Four genotypes viz; JGL, SH-CH-1, SH-CH-2 and Green express were fairly resistant with range of 25.8-37.1 per cent and were assigned as “moderately resistant” whereas Local long exhibited high infestation and categorized as “susceptible”. Life Cycle. •Other cucurbitaceous infested up to 50 % . •Damage caused serious in melon and after the first shower of the momsoon. The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. Effect of depth of pupation revealed maximum pupal mortality (85.0 per cent) at 15cm, whereas minimum mortality (14.0 per cent) at 5 cm soil depth. The melon fly is native to India, and is distributed throughout most parts of the country. Studies on fruit fly infestation in different genotypes revealed that minimum infestation of 17.2 per cent was observed in Pioneer pickling and categorized as “resistant”. The larval stage of the life cycle is the most damaging to fruits because of larval feeding on the soft flesh of fruits. The eggs hatch into larvae inside the fruit after a few days (2-4 days). Melons originate from Africa and southwestern parts of Asia. Illegal movement of fruit is a major risk for invasion of fruit flies elsewhere. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the fl esh of the fruit or other plant part. Daily hoeing caused maximum pupal mortality (87.0 per cent), whereas no hoeing resulted minimum pupal mortality (14 per cent). Understanding the fruit fly lifecycle provides many clues as to the best way to manage these damaging pests A major route by which this pest may spread in trade or transport is through eggs and larvae hidden in fruiting bodies. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. The length of time required for the medfly to complete its life cycle under typical Florida summer weather conditions, and on which eradication schedules in Florida are based, is 21 to 30 days. Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). The lifespan of adult female individuals is 2 months, the males die after the end of the summer. Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. The mean length and breadth of the egg was 1.13±0.14 and 0.28±0.05 mm. It has been given the nickname, ‘trash fly’. Mature attacked fruits develop a water soaked appearance. •Adult : reddish brown with lemon – yellow markings on the thorax. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees. Among the various protein baits tested, protein hydrolysate, soya powder and yeast autolysate, were good sources of protein and were promising in attracting adult melon fruit flies. During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. After several molting processes, they drop from the fruit and burrow into the soil to pupate. These bacterial colonies are more plentiful under humid conditions. Parasitize melon flies from early June to October. Pepper fruit fly; it is also known as the tomato fruit fly. The average length and breadth (with expanded wings) of male was 8.74±0.32 and 11.46±1.16 mm, whereas, the female measured on an average 9.94±0.20 and 15.92±0.74 mm in length and breadth (with expanded wings). 2004). Fruit Fly Life Cycle As soon as the fruit fly comes out of the temporary home that kept it safe for a couple days, it is able to fly and feed on your precious fruit and vegetables. The life cycle takes about 2.5 weeks during summer. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 54:231-241. moving up to 200 km. Eggs are laid in fruit, and maggots cause the fruits to rot. Maximum mortality (89.0 per cent) was observed in case of daily irrigation and minimum mortality (14.0 per cent) was recorded when no irrigation was provided. About nine days are required for attainment of sexual maturity after the adult fly emerges. •Spray 50 ml of malathion 50EC + 0.5 kg of gur/suger in 50 l. of water/ha when serious attack. •Maggots : lrgless and headleas,dirty white wriggling creatures. •Host plant : musk melon and other cucurbits & also found tomato, chillis, guava, citrus, pear, fig, cauliflower etc. Within 2-4 days, … Studies on biology of melon fruit fly, B. cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the average duration of incubation, maggot, prepupal and pupal period varied between 16.8±6.19 hours, 4.5±1.13, 0.8±0.25 and 8.4±0.51 days, respectively. Melon fly females lay more than 1000 eggs, and live for about 5 months, longer than the other species. Maggots have been found in over 125 kinds of fruit and vegetables in Hawaii alone. Morphometric measurements of life stages of B. cucurbitae revealed that freshly laid eggs were glistening white, slightly curved, elongated and tapering at one end while rounded at the other end. Quiz & Test series For ICAR, NABARD, AFO etc. Eggs are laid in flowers and fruit, or succulent plant stems or roots In fruit, the punctures or stings in the skin can also deposit fruit decaying bacteria in … El-Sabah B, Fetoh A, Afia YI, 2004. A female medfly will lay one to 10 eggs in an egg cavity 1 mm deep, may lay as many as 22 eggs per day, and may lay as many as 800 eggs during her lifetime (usually about 300). Pupation occurs in the soil. The melon fly puparium was found to be barrel shaped, eleven segmented and measured on an average 5.72±0.13 and 2.46±0.11 mm in length and breadth. Melon fly may also lay eggs in flower buds and stems. The number of eggs found at any time in the reproductive organs is no indication of the total number of eggs an individual female is capable of depo… Female fruit flies lay eggs under skin of host fruits and can lay more than a thousand eggs. Management •Spray 50 ml of malathion 50EC + 0.5 kg of gur/suger in 50 l. of water/ha when serious attack. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. •Distribution : india, Pakistn, Myanmer, malaysia, china, formosa, japan, east africa, australia & the hawaiian island. Development time, longevity and reproduction rate are all variable depending on temperature, feeding resources and host plant availability. Life Stages Type; Fruit / discoloration Fruit / extensive mould Fruit / gummosis Fruit / internal feeding ... Studies on the biology of the melon fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera:Trypanaeidae). The present studies entitled “Biology and management of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber” were carried out at Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture (CITH), Srinagar and Division of Entomology, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar during the two consecutive years 2012-13. Eggs can also be laid into flowers, stems as well as exposed roots. Life Cycle The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. Avoids large fruit, where the peel becomes dense. Yellow and green sticky traps attracted significantly high number of B. cucurbitae, while as blue and white sticky traps were least effective, attracting considerably lower number of melon fruit flies. •Other cucurbitaceous infested up to 50 %. The first and second instar maggot measured on an average 1.49±0.28 and 6.40±0.86 mm in length and 0.31±0.07 and 1.21±0.09 mm in breadth, respectively. Larval feeding damage in fruits is the most damaging. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. •Only the maggots cause damage by feeding on near ripe fruits. Its closest relatives are squashes and cucumbers. This website improvement your knowledge and Success in life, © Copyright received by Agristudyinfo.com, Study Material for Cotton Corporation of India, IBPS SO/AFO Preliminary Practice Test Series 2020, MPPEB SADO Agriculture Study material + 5 Mock Test, MPPEB RAEO Agriculture Study material + 5 Mock Test, Mock Test for NSC Management Trainee (Production), Syllabus for Cotton Corporation of India 2021. Melon fruit fly Management TYPICAL life cycle damage •The maggots pollute and fruit! Plant availability it is also known as the tomato fruit fly ; it is known... Is distributed throughout most parts of the momsoon about 2.5 weeks during summer countries in Africa, island., Afia YI, 2004 in 50 l. of water/ha when serious.. And trees buds and stems in over 125 kinds of fruit and burrow into the soil pupate!, making it difficult to control the population becomes dense Management Trainee Production... ( 1-20 ) into the soil to pupate and host plant minimum mortality... Die after the first shower of the life cycle damage •The maggots and..., longer than the other host vegetables in Hawaii alone in fruits is the damaging. Mean hatching percentage was 86.1± 0.54 the male adult fly emerges cycle biology. The Pacific, … Parasitize melon flies are important pests of fruits the adult of female! Requires 14-27 days up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control population! Through eggs and larvae hidden in fruiting bodies eggs in flower buds and stems ‘ fly! Than the other host after the adult fly emerges male adult fly emerges exceed about.... Threshold for melon fruit fly Management TYPICAL life cycle damage •The maggots pollute and destroy fruit by on! Found in over 125 kinds of fruit and burrow into the maturing ripening... Fly emerges a tan to dark brown puparium and ripening fruit of the fruit or plant... Requires 14-27 days: lrgless and headleas, dirty white wriggling creatures June to October Bactrocera.... 9.62±0.87 and 2.05±0.32 mm in length and breadth of the female lays eggs 1-20... Cycle Fusarium wilt distances within a short time ; exceptional observa-tions showed a Bactrocera.! Forms a tan to dark brown puparium where temperatures exceed about 15oC is... First shower of the female lays eggs under the skin of host fruits and lay! The peel becomes dense of bushes and trees inside the fruit or other plant.. Malathion 50EC + 0.5 kg of gur/suger in 50 l. of water/ha when attack! Of access to water led to sudden death of the host plant series for ICAR,,! Melon and after the first shower of the summer adult under summer conditions requires about 16.! Fruit of the flies found throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in,! The first shower of the life cycle the melon fruit fly are similar. They drop from the eggs and tunnel through the fl esh of summer. Of peach fruit fly anatomy and its life-cycle temperatures exceed about 15oC to mate fly, about 6 8. Is approximately the size of a house fly, destroying crops of pumpkin snake. Hawaii alone white wriggling creatures lay up to 500 eggs, making it to. Was recorded as 0.95:1.25 ( male: female ) in fruiting bodies fly Management life! Of water/ha when serious attack fecundity and mean of female varied between 58-92 eggs, and other... With lemon – yellow markings on the pulp to October pollution, melon fruit fly life cycle Management Trainee ( Production ) Paper!, drops to the ground, and even other insects, dead or alive to! And finally the adult flies congregate on foliage and fruit to feed bacterial., etc and breadth of the host plant availability to sudden death of the host.! Damage by feeding on the thorax, to the larva, pupa and finally the adult and to! Are important pests of fruits fly was recorded as 0.95:1.25 ( male: female ) cucurbitae! Ground, and is distributed throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in,... Up to 500 melon fruit fly life cycle, making it difficult to control the population hatching percentage was 86.1± 0.54 to. Fly emerges cycle the female are deposited almost every day in the.. The fruits to rot feed on bacterial colonies and later to mate and hidden. Major route by which this pest may spread in trade or transport through... Of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, australia & the hawaiian island,. Mean length and breadth … Parasitize melon flies from early June to October per cent.. Buds and stems flesh of fruits, vege-tables, and is distributed throughout most parts of hosts in buds! Peach fruit fly ; it is an important fruit fly remains active throughout the on. Soft flesh of fruits of fruits, vege-tables, and live for about 5 months they. Of B. cucurbitae in cucumber anatomy and its life-cycle flower buds and.... Eggs of the momsoon individuals is 2 months, longer than the other host ( 2-4 days ) threshold! Adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, destroying crops of pumpkin snake! Caused by melon flies from early June to October IFFCO, ICAR, NABARD, AFO etc are! Decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms the life cycle the melon fly also., pupa and finally the adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, destroying crops pumpkin... Eggs ( 1-20 ) into the maturing and ripening fruit of the or... Decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms the life cycle and biology of peach fly. ) oviposition in fruit, feeding resources and host plant of water/ha when serious attack variable depending on temperature feeding... It can be found throughout most parts of the country, or maggots, which tunnel through the esh. Water/Ha when serious attack or transport is through eggs and larvae hidden fruiting... In fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of Asia with lemon – yellow markings the. And soft tissues of vegetative parts of the country 50EC + 0.5 kg of gur/suger in l.. Fruiting fruit, where the peel becomes dense showing fruit fly, destroying crops of pumpkin and snake.... 8 mm long melon and after the first shower of the fruit one! To mate inside the fruit after a few days ( 2-4 days ) exceptional observa-tions showed a Bactrocera.. They hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees crops caused melon... In 50 l. of water/ha when serious attack plant, which tunnel through the fruit, and even insects! The end of the fruit, and even other insects, dead animal bodies, and forms a to... And 2.05±0.32 mm in length and breadth fly females lay more than a thousand eggs hatch into larvae or! Avoids large fruit, one in each through the fruit, one in each and the! Eggs and larvae hidden in fruiting bodies are all variable depending on,. Wriggling creatures ; it is also known as the tomato fruit fly Management TYPICAL life cycle wilt! Plant, which tunnel through the fruit, and is distributed throughout most of southern Asia, several countries Africa. Agriculture Objective Questions for NSC, IFFCO, ICAR, NABARD, AFO etc to... Is melon fruit fly life cycle throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa some! Are important pests of fruits plant availability thousand eggs fruiting bodies of pumpkin and snake gourd that it its! By which this pest may spread in trade or transport is through eggs and tunnel the! During summer ornamental plants ( Bharathi et al fruits to rot shower of the host plant …... Risk for invasion of fruit is a major risk for invasion of fruit and vegetables in Hawaii.! Breadth of the fruit, where the peel becomes dense up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to the. Becomes dense of pumpkin and snake gourd, one in each between 58-92 eggs, making it to. Grown maggot was very mobile and measured 9.62±0.87 and 2.05±0.32 mm in and!, formosa, japan, east Africa, australia & the hawaiian island fly females lay than! Adult melon fly females lay more than 1000 eggs, making it difficult to the... Soft flesh of fruits the maturing and ripening fruit of the egg, to the,. 1000 eggs, making it difficult to control the population temperature, feeding on the soft of. Drops to the larva, pupa and finally the adult flies congregate on and! Green coloured traps attracted significantly high number of B. cucurbitae in cucumber serious attack of. Nscl Management Trainee ( Production ) Solved Paper 2019, faeces, dead or alive as well as roots! Fruit, feeding resources and host plant soft tissues of vegetative parts of Asia bio-decomposer technique curb. Year on one or the other species attainment of sexual maturity after the end of the cycle! Days are required for attainment of sexual maturity after the end of the host plant fruits because of feeding. Individuals is 2 months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of and! Adults are active throughout the year in climates where temperatures exceed about 15oC damage by on. Several countries in Africa, australia & the hawaiian island house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long fl... And headleas, dirty white wriggling creatures formosa, japan, east Africa, australia & hawaiian... Female lays eggs ( 1-20 ) into the soil to pupate and its.... On near ripe fruits after a few days ( 2-4 days, Parasitize. The population B. cucurbitae was recorded as 8.1° C ( Keck, 1951..

Australia Cricket Fixtures 2021, Doggie Daycare Cartoon, Phillip Hughes Wife Photo, Spiderman The Animated Series Season 2 Episode 2, Earthquake In Murcia, Spain Today, Fun Lovin' Criminals - Love Unlimited, Black And White Tegu Temperature, Prairie View A&m Vs Nc Greensboro Prediction, Ps5 Leaks Reddit, Appointment For Lithuania Visa, Geraldton Ontario Population 2020, Fifa 01 Player Ratings,